The tax is to be raised during the first three years for new cars, light-duty buses and lorries fuelled by petrol and diesel. The Riksdag voted in favour of the Government's proposal which is intended to strengthen the bonus-malus system and increase the proportion of vehicles with lower carbon dioxide emissions in new car sales.
Under the bonus-malus system, a person who buys certain vehicles with low carbon dioxide emissions receives a bonus, while a person who buys vehicles with high carbon dioxide emissions receives the opposite, a "malus", that is they will be burdened with increased tax during a period of three years. In the latter case, the carbon dioxide component of the vehicle tax is raised and the extent of the rise in tax depends on how much carbon dioxide the vehicle in question emits.
The legislative amendments will come into force on 1 April 2021 and will apply to cars, light-duty buses and light-duty lorries which will be subject to tax from this date onwards.